Excellent observation from the peaks of several hills allowed the German defenders to detect Allied movement and direct highly accurate artillery fire, preventing any northward advance.
The next target of importance became the city of Rome. First battle Further information: II Corps attacked across the Rapido valley north of Cassino.
To this already volatile mix were added Canadian troops, who were to distinguish themselves in the bloody battle for Ortona on the Adriatic coast; a French Expeditionary Corps, whose superb fighting quality is too often overlooked by Anglo-American historians; New Zealand and Indian divisions, both fighting bravely so far from home, and a Polish corps for which the struggle against the Germans was a matter of national honour.
It was the Volsci who first built a citadel on the summit of Monte Cassino. All available German reserves were pushed up to the front line but as they moved forward they were caught in a ferocious Allied air attack.
Between bomb runs, the II Corps artillery pounded the mountain. Fatal Decision by Carlo D'Este. There is some speculation as to what might have been if X Corps had had the reserves available to exploit their success and make a decisive breakthrough.
Although a battalion of the rd Infantry Regiment was able to get across the Gari on the south side of San Angelo and two companies of the st Infantry Regiment on the north side, they were isolated for most of the time and at no time was Allied armour able to get across the river, leaving them highly vulnerable to counter-attacking tanks and self-propelled guns of Generalleutnant Eberhard Rodt 's 15th Panzergrenadier Division.
On 15 February the abbey was almost completely destroyed in a series of heavy American-led air raids. Many physicians came there for medical and other knowledge. Soon many monasteries were founded throughout Europe, and everywhere there were hospitals like those in Monte Cassino.
However, given the imprecision of bombing in those days it was estimated that only 10 per cent of the bombs from the heavy bombers, bombing from high altitude, hit the monastery bombs did fall elsewhere and killed German and Allied troops alike, although that would have been unintended.
In overall command in Italy was General Sir Harold Alexander, a courteous British Guards officer with a distinguished fighting record, but a man who instinctively sought compromise and consensus, and was not temperamentally suited to gripping awkward subordinates.
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Howard Kippenbergercommander of New Zealand 2nd Division, after the war, Poor Dimoline Brigadier Dimolineacting commander of 4th Indian Division was having a dreadful time getting his division into position.
On the one hand, it seems likely that there were no Germans in the monastery at the time. The mountain shelters this citadel on a broad bench. It was soon evident that far from Anzio helping the Allies breach the Gustav Line, attacks on the Gustav line would have to be launched to take the pressure off Anzio.
X Corps had 4, casualties during the first battle. Summers are blazing hot, whilst winters are freezing cold. Ryder spearheading the attack and French colonial troops on its right flank, launched an assault across the flooded Rapido valley north of Cassino and into the mountains behind with the intention of then wheeling to the left and attacking Monte Cassino from high ground.
March 19 was planned for the attack on the town and on the Abbey.
So in Monte Cassino St. The next attack was launched on 24 January. Pope Gregory also relays that the monks found a pagan idol of bronze when digging at the site which when thrown into the kitchen gave the illusion of a fire until dispelled by Benedict. A perceptive private soldier's war.
By the end of March 17 the Gurkhas held a point near the Abbey. Wednesday, March 15th, Artillery guns open up on Cassino while plus Allied bombers attempt to shake the German defenders. Thursday, May 18th, Monte Cassino falls to the Allies, costing some 50, casualties along both sides of the battlefield.
GIs inched forward, feeling for trip wires and listening to German gun crews reload The st Infantry Regiment also crossed in two battalion strength and, despite the lack of armoured support, managed to advance 1 kilometre 0.
Because the old Benedictine Abbey was important to history, German units did not put defensive positions in the Abbey. Its prominent site has always made it an object of strategic importance.Battle of Monte Cassino Conclusions. The battle was won but it came at a high price for the Allies.
They lost about 55, people by the end of the battle. The Germans had around 20, killed and wounded by the end of the struggle. One interesting detail about the Battle of Monte Cassino is how everyone fighting for it perceived it.
Oct 29, · This multi-faceted battle marked one of the longest and bloodiest engagements of the Italian campaign during World War II. After attempts to overcome the Germans in the Liri Valley and at Anzio. The optimal Allied route of advance to Rome was through the Liri Valley.
However, the Gustav defences blocked this route around Cassino, particularly on the Monte Cassino heights, topped by its ancient monastery. In the First Battle of Monte Cassino (17 January–11 February ).
Battle of Monte Cassino - WW2 Timeline (January 17th - May 18th, ) The Road to Rome was blocked by the imposing Gustav Line - four major, costly assaults later and the Axis defenders were sent packing.
The battle of Monte Cassino had a massive impact on world war II. If the Battle of the Monte Cassino didn't happen then world war II would have gone on for much longer.
Monte Cassino (sometimes written Montecassino) is a rocky hill about kilometres (81 mi) southeast of Rome, in the Latin Valley, Italy, 2 kilometres ( mi) to the west of the town of Cassino and m (1, ft) altitude.Download